Gillnet selectivity for forage fish with emphasis on manjuba (Opisthonema oglinum) in an estuary in the northeast of Brazil


  • Severino Adriano de Oliveira LIMA Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco -  UFRPE, Programa de Pós-graduação em Recursos Pesqueiros e Aquicultura
  • Humber Agrelli ANDRADE Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco -  UFRPE, Departamento de Pesca e Aquicultura



artisanal fisheries, Clupeidae, Engraulidae, fishing management, mesh regulation


The selectivity of gillnets for the inhabiting forage fish community in the Santa Cruz Channel (PE, Brazil) was estimated an experiment using three mesh sizes (30, 40 and 50 mm). The SELECT was used to estimate retention curves through four models: normal location, normal scale, lognormal and gamma. Aggregated as catches in all fisheries, 28 species were identified. Selectivity parameters for species Opisthonema oglinum, Anchovia clupeoides and Cetengraulis edentulous were estimated. The normal scale model gave the best fit for all species studied. In the case of O. oglinum fishing in the Santa Cruz Channel the catches of young individuals are particularly significant in gillnets with a 30 mm mesh size. However, a possible increase in mesh size indicates little change in the length structure of the catch for larger sizes, but catches would certainly be reduced. Thus, regulations with increased mesh size should result in non-viability of fishing continuity with reduced catches.


ANDRADE, H.A.; SILVA, R.M.M. 2013 Diní­¢mica das frotas de pesca de emalhe e linha de mão de Itapissuma í  PE no Canal de Santa Cruz. Boletim técnico cientí­­fico do Cepene, 19(1): 83-91.

BARRETO, C.F.; SANTANA-BARRETO, M.S. 1980 Deslocamento da Sardinha-Bandeira (Opisthonema oglinum, Lê Sueur, 1818) no Canal de Santa Cruz, Itamaracá í  Pernambuco. Anais da Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, 5(1): 53-60.

BEVERTON, R.J.H.; HOLT, S.J. 1957 On the dynamics of exploited fish populations: Fishery Investigations. London. 533p.

CADDY, J. F. 2015 Criteria for sustainable fisheries on juveniles illustrated for Mediterranean hake: control the juvenile harvest, and safeguard spawning refugia to rebuild population fecundity. Scientia Marina, 79(3): 287-299.

CAMPOS, A.; FONSECA, P. 2003 Selectivity of diamond and square mesh cod ends for horse mackerel (Trachurus trachurus), European hake (Merluccius merluccius) and axillary seabream (Pagellus acarne) in the shallow groundfish assemblage off the south-west coast of Portugal. Scientia Marina, 67(2): 249-260.

CARPENTER, K.E. 2002a The living marine resources of the Western Central Atlantic. II (Acipenseridae to Grammatidae). Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. p. 601-1374.

CARPENTER, K.E. 2002b The living marine resources of the Western Central Atlantic. III (Opistognathidae to Molidae). Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. p. 1375-2127.

CASELLES, O.A.; ACERO, P.A. 1996 Reproducción de Anchovia clupeiodes y Anchovia parva (Pisces: Engraulidae) en dos ciénagas del Caribe colombiano. Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44(2): 781-793.

DOS SANTOS, M.N.; GASPAR, M.; MONTEIRO, C.C.; ERZINI, K., 2003 Gill net selectivity for European hake Merluccius merluccius from southern Portugal: implications for fishery management. Fisheries Science, 69(5): 873-882.

ERZINI, K.; GONí­"¡ALVES, J.M.S.; BENTES, L.; LINO, P.G.; RIBEIRO, J.; STERGIOU, K.I. 2003 Quantifying the roles of competing static gears: comparative selectivity of longlines and monofilament gill nets in a multi-species fishery of the Algarve (southern Portugal). Scientia Marina, 67(3): 341-352.

FIGUEIREDO, J.L.; MENEZES, N. 1978 Manual de peixes marinhos do sudeste do Brasil. II Teleostei (1). São Paulo: Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo. 110p.

FIGUEIREDO, J.L.; MENEZES, N.A., 1980. Manual de peixes marinhos do sudeste do Brasil. III Teleostei (2). São Paulo: Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo. 98 p.

FROESE, R. 2004 Keep it simple: three indicators to deal with overfishing. Fish and Fisheries, 5(1): 86í 91.

GARCIA, S.M.; J. KOLDING, J.; RICE, J.; ROCHET, M. J.; ZHOU, S.; ARIMOTO, T.; BEYER, J.E.; BORGES, L.; BUNDY, A.; DUNN, D.; FULTON, E.A.; HALL, M.; HEINO, M.; LAW, R.; MAKINO, M.; RIJNSDORP, A.D.; SIMARD, F.; SMITH, A.D.M. 2012 Reconsidering the consequences of selective fisheries. Science, 335(9): 1045-1047.

HIXON, M.A.; JOHNSON, D.W.; SOGARD, S.M. 2014 BOFFFFs: on the importance of conserving old-growth age structure in fishery populations. ICES Journal Marine Science. 71(8): 2171-2185.

HOVGí­"¦RD H.; LASSEN H.; MADSEN N.; POULSEN T.M.; WILEMAN D. 1999 Gillnet selectivity for North Sea Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua): Model ambiguity and data quality are related. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 56(8): 1307í 1316.

IBAMA/CEPENE. 2008 Boletim estatí­­stico da pesca marí­­tima estuarina do nordeste do Brasil í  2006. Tamandaré. 385p.

KARLSEN, L.; BJARNASSON, B.A. 1987 Small-scall fishing with driftnets. FAO Fisheries Technical paper. 64p.

KOLDING J.; VAN ZWIETEN P.A.M. 2011 The tragedy of our legacy: How do global management discourses affect small scale fisheries in the south? Forum for Development Studies, 38(3): 267í 297.

LAW, R.; PLANK, M.J.; KOLDING, J. 2012 On balanced exploitation of marine ecosystems: results from dynamic size spectra. Ices Journal of Marine Science, 69(5): 602í 614.

LESSA, R.; DUARTE-NETO, P.; MORIZES, E.; MACIEL, R. 2008 Otolith microstructure analysis with OTC validation confirms age overestimation in Atlantic herring Opisthonema oglinum from north-eastern Brazil. Journal of fish biology, 73(7): 1690-1700.

LESSA, R.; JUNIOR BEZERRA, J.L.; NÓBREGA, M.F. 2009 Diní­¢mica de populações e avaliação dos estoques dos recursos pesqueiros da região Nordeste. (Programa Revizee í  Score Nordeste). Editora Martins e Cordeiro. Fortaleza. 304p.

LINO, M.A.S. 2003 Estudo biológico-pesqueiro da manjuba Opisthonema oglinum (Lesueur, 1818) da região de Itapissuma, Pernambuco. Recife. 46p. (Dissertação de Mestrado. Pós-Graduação em Recursos Pesqueiros e Aquicultura, UFRPE). Disponí­­vel em: <> Acesso em: 01 fev. 2015.

MAES, J.; OLLEVIER, F. 2002 Size structure and feeding dynamics in estuarine clupeoid fish schools: field evidence for the school trap hypothesis. Aquatic Living Resources, 15(4): 211-216.

MEDEIROS, C.; KJERFVE, B. 1993 Hydrology of a tropical estuarine system: Itamaracá, Brazil. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science, 36(5): 495-515.

MENEZES, N.A.; FIGUEIREDO, J.L., 1980. Manual de peixes marinhos do sudeste do Brasil. IV. Teleostei (3). São Paulo: Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo. 96 p.

MENEZES, N.A.; FIGUEIREDO, J.L., 1985. Manual de peixes marinhos do sudeste do Brasil. V. Teleostei (4). São Paulo: Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo. 105 p.

MILLAR, R.B. 1992 Estimating the size-selectivity of fishing gear by conditioning on the total catch. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 87(4): 962-968.

MILLAR, R.B.; HOLST, R. 1997 Estimation of gillnet and hook selectivity using log-linear models. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 54(3): 471-477.

MILLAR, R.B.; FRYER, R.J. 1999 Estimating the size-selection curves of towed gears, traps, nets and hooks. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 9(1): 89-116.

MOURA, R.T. Aspectos Gerais da Hidrobiologia do Litoral Norte de Pernambuco -Brasil. Brasí­­lia: Ibama 2009. 138 p.

PANHWARA, S. K.; LIUB, Q.; SIDDIQUIAGROWTH, D.G. 2013 Growth, Mortality and Stock Assessment of Kelee Shad, Hilsa kelee (Fam: Clupeidae) in the Coastal Waters of Pakistan. Journal of Ichthyology, 53(5): 365í 371.
R CORE TEAM. 2017 R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. <>.

REGIER, H.A.; ROBSON, D.S. 1966 Selectivity of gill nets, especially to Lake whitefish. Journal of Fishery Research Board of Canada, 23(4): 423 í  454.

REIS, E.G.; PAWSON, M.G. 1999 Fish morphology and estimating selectivity by gillnets. Fisheries Research, 39(3): 263 - 273.

RODRÍGUEZ-CLIMENT, S.; ALCARAZ, C.; CAIOLA, N.; IBÁí­"˜EZ, C.; NEBRA, A.; MUí­"˜OZ-CAMARILLO, G.; CASALS, F.; VINYOLES, D.; SOSTOA, A. 2012 Gillnet selectivity in the Ebro Delta coastal lagoons and its implication for the fishery management of the sand smelt, Atherina boyeri (Actinopterygii:Atherinidae). Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 114(17): 41-49.

SOUZA-CONCEIÇÃO, J.M.; RODRIGUES-RIBEIRO, M.; CASTRO-SILVA, M.A. 2005 Diní­¢mica populacional, biologia reprodutiva e o ictioplí­¢ncton de Cetengraulis edentulus Cuvier (Pisces, Clupeiformes, Engraulidae) na enseada do Saco dos Limões, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 22(4): 953-961.

SPARRE, P.; VENEMA, S.C. 1997 Introdução í­Â  avaliação de mananciais de peixes tropicais. Parte l: Manual. FAO, Roma. 404p.

STEWART, J. 2008 A decision support system for setting legal minimum lengths of fish. Fisheries Management and Ecology, 15(4): 291í 301.

TACON, A.G.J.; METIAN, M. 2009 Fishing for Feed or Fishing for Food: Increasing Global Competition for Small Pelagic Forage Fish. AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment, 38(6): 294-302.

WOLFF, M.; TAYLOR, M.H.; TESFAYE, G. 2015 Implications of using small meshed gillnets for the sustainability of fish populations: a theoretical exploration based on three case studies. Fisheries Management and Ecology, 22(5): 379í 387.




Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>