Confirmed by integrative taxonomy first and unusual occurrence of the exotic shrimp Neocaridina davidi (Caridea: Atyidae) in Brazil


  • Gabriel Lucas Bochini Universidade de São Paulo , Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras, Laboratório de Bioecologia e Sistemática de Crustáceos – Ribeirão Preto (SP), Brazil.
  • Aline dos Santos Rios Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Laboratório de Carcinologia, Museu de Oceanografia Professor Petrônio Alves Coelho – Recife (PE), Brazil.
  • Jeniffer Natalia Teles Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras, Laboratório de Bioecologia e Sistemática de Crustáceos – Ribeirão Preto (SP), Brazil.
  • Fernando José Zara Universidade Estadual Paulista, Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinárias, Departamento de Biologia – Jaboticabal (SP), Brazil.
  • Fernando Luis Mantelatto Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras, Laboratório de Bioecologia e Sistemática de Crustáceos – Ribeirão Preto (SP), Brazil.



Alien species, Decapoda, South Atlantic, Aquarism, Ornamental invertebrates


A shrimp specimen of the genus Neocaridina Kubo 1938, originally from Asia, was collected for the first time in a natural marine environment in Pernambuco, Brazil. This represents the first record of this genus in the South American continent. Morphological characteristics and mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences (COI, 16S, 18S, and H3) of the specimen were compared with other species of Neocaridina, enabling its identification as Neocaridina davidi. Finding this freshwater species native to mainland China in a marine environment was surprising. Based on prior findings in other locations, the most likely hypothesis for this unusual occurrence is that the shrimp may have been released intentionally or unintentionally into the environment by an aquarium hobbyist.


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