Transport simulation of Brazilian sardine Sardinella brasiliensis (Steindachner, 1879)




Transporting live fish, Clupeidae, Ammonia, Low-trophic level species


The aim of this study was to investigate the ideal density to use in transport operations for Brazilian sardines Sardinella brasiliensis (Steindachner, 1879). For this purpose, 4,020 juveniles S. brasiliensis (0.51 ± 0.10 g and 3.89 ± 0.32 cm) were randomly distributed in 60L-polyethylene bags filled with 20 L of water (salinity 35 g/kg) at densities of 15, 10, 5, 2.5 and 1 g∙L-1, all in triplicate. The transport bags were inflated with pure oxygen (about ⅔) and sealed with elastic bands. The duration of the simulated transport was 24 h. Then, survival rate, as well as analyses of water quality, was performed. The results showed that density had considerable influence on survival and water quality. At the density of 15 g∙L-1 dissolved oxygen reached 0.0 mg∙L-1, causing 100% mortality at the end of the experiment, while the density of 10 g∙L-1 showed a higher amount of N-NH3 in the water. Survival was the same at densities below 10 g∙L-1. Densities ≤ 10 g∙L-1 are recommended for the transport of S. brasiliensis lasting up to 24 h.


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